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Formic Acid Manufacturer and Supplier

CAS No.: 64-18-6 | EC Number.: 200-579-1 | Molecular formula.: CH2O2 HCOOH

Formic Acid

Formic Acid Manufacturers, Formic Acid Suppliers, Formic Acid Formula, Formic Acid MSDS, Formic Acid SDS, Formic Acid Exporter in Mumbai, India.

Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd., a renowned manufacturer, supplier, and exporter based in India, specializes in producing high-purity Formic Acid (CAS No. 64-18-6). As a leading Formic Acid manufacturer, our company is widely recognized for its commitment to delivering top-quality specialty chemicals with exceptional accuracy in composition and an absence of impurities.

As one of the top formic acid manufacturers in India, we ensure the highest standards of purity, utilize superior-quality chemicals and employ state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment, adhering to international industry guidelines. As a reliable Formic Acid supplier, we take pride in offering   that exhibits superior quality, precisely meeting the required composition specifications, and boasting an extended shelf life.

By choosing Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd., you can trust that you are obtaining Formic Acid of the finest grade, manufactured with meticulous attention to detail and quality control. As a prominent Formic Acid manufacturer in India, We prioritize the satisfaction of our customers by consistently delivering products that meet their stringent requirements.

What is Formic Acid?

Formic acid is also known as methanoic acid, the simplest carboxylic acid with the chemical formula HCOOH. Its molecular structure consists of a hydrogen atom (H) attached to a carbon atom (C) that is double-bonded to an oxygen atom (O) and single-bonded to another oxygen atom (O) and a hydrogen atom (H).

It is an important compound in chemical synthesis and has various applications. Formic acid occurs naturally in certain organisms, particularly in some species of ants, which use it as a defense mechanism against predators. Additionally, formic acid can be found in various plants and is produced by certain bacteria.

In industrial processes, formic acid is typically produced from methanol through a catalytic reaction. It is widely used in different sectors, such as agriculture, leather production, and textile industries. Chemical formula of formic acid is also employed as a preservative in livestock feed, as a coagulant in rubber manufacturing, and as a cleaning agent in various applications.

Esters, salts, and the anion derived from formic acid are referred to as formates. These derivatives have their own unique properties and applications in different industries.

Formic Acid Details

This table provides information about Formic Acid, a chemical compound with the CAS No. 64-18-6 and EC Number. 200-579-1. The table also lists the iupac name of formic acid, various common name and synonyms. The table contains Formic Acid structure, Formic Acid solubility and molecular formula. Formic Acid ph. value is also mentioned in the table. Formic Acid is commonly used in various industries in different applications.


Chemical nameFormic Acid
CAS No64-18-6
EC Number200-579-1
Commercial name / Synonymsformic acid, Methanoic acid, Formylic acid, Aminic acid, Bilorin, Hydrogen carboxylic acid, Formisoton, Formira, Myrmicyl
Molecular formula



Chemical Structure
Melting Point47.1 °F (NTP, 1992)
IUPAC Nameformic acid
Physical Form Colourless fuming liquid
Physical Appearance Formic acid appears as a colourless liquid with a pungent odor.
Solubility in waterMiscible

Miscible with ether, acetone, ethyl acetate, glycerol, methanol, ethanol

Partially soluble in benzene, toluene, xylenes

Packaging Details 25 kg / 50 kg / HDPE packaging bags / Drum/ As per Client’s requirements

Computed Properties

The table provides various properties of a chemical compound, including molar mass of Formic Acid, hydrogen bond acceptor counts, an exact mass and mono-isotopic mass, heavy atom counts, and a topological polar surface area. These properties are useful in identifying and characterizing the compound for various purposes in industries such as pharmaceuticals and chemicals.

Property NameProperty Value
Molecular Weight46.025 g/mol
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count1
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count2
Exact Mass46.005479302 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass46.005479302 g/mol
Heavy Atom Count3

Formic Acid Price

If you are looking to purchase Formic Acid, it’s important to know the current Formic Acid price in India. Formic Acid price per kg can vary depending on the various factors. Vinipul Chemicals offers the best Formic Acid powder price in the market listed below: –

Product RangePrice
Formic Acid 85%Rs 75/kg
Formic Acid 99%Rs 90/kg

Prices shown above are provisional prices and may change due to different market conditions for latest prices

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Types of Formic Acid

Formic Acid 85%

It is a solution that contains 85% formic acid and 15% water. It is a commonly available concentration and is widely used in various industries. The water content in this solution helps to stabilize and dilute the concentrated formic acid, making it safer and easier to handle. Formic acid 85% is often used in agriculture as a feed preservative, in leather processing for tanning, in the textile industry

Formic Acid 99%

It is a highly concentrated formic acid solution, with only 1% water content. This concentration is typically used in applications that require a stronger and more concentrated formic acid solution. Formic acid 99% is often utilized in laboratory settings for research, analysis, and chemical synthesis. It can also be employed in specific industrial processes that demand higher concentrations of formic acid.

Prices shown above are provisional prices and may change due to different market conditions for latest prices

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+91-932 223 1817

How to make Formic Acid solution?

The manufacturing process of formic acid involves the conversion of methanol into formic acid through several steps. Here is a general outline of the process:

  1. Methanol Preparation: Methanol is the main raw material used for formic acid production. It can be obtained from natural gas or synthesized from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Methanol is typically purified to remove impurities before being used in the process.
  2. Methanol Dehydrogenation: It is fed into a reactor along with a catalyst, which is usually a metal oxide or a metal-supported catalyst. The catalyst facilitates the dehydrogenation of methanol, converting it into formaldehyde and hydrogen.
  3. Formaldehyde Oxidation: The produced formaldehyde is then oxidized in the presence of a suitable catalyst, such as a silver or palladium catalyst. This oxidation step converts formaldehyde into formic acid.
  4. Formic Acid Purification: The resulting mixture contains formic acid along with water and other impurities. To purify the formic acid, it undergoes a series of purification steps, such as distillation, extraction, and filtration. These processes help separate formic acid from water and remove any remaining impurities.
  5. Concentration: The purified formic acid solution is then concentrated to increase its strength. Concentration is achieved through processes like evaporation or membrane filtration. This step is necessary to obtain the desired concentration of formic acid for specific applications.
  6. Formic Acid Storage: The final concentrated formic acid is stored in suitable containers or tanks, ready for distribution and use in various industries.

It’s important to note that the specific manufacturing process may vary depending on the production method, catalysts used, and the scale of production. Additionally, advancements in technology and alternative processes may also be employed in formic acid manufacturing.

What is formic acid used for?

Formic acid finds various industrial applications due to its unique properties and versatility. Here are some common industrial formic acid uses:

  1. Textile Industry: Formic acid is used as a dyeing and finishing agent in the textile industry. It helps improve color fastness and dye penetration in fabrics.
  2. Leather Production: Formic acid is employed in leather processing as a tanning agent. It helps in the removal of hair and other impurities from animal hides, facilitating the transformation of raw hides into leather.
  3. Agriculture: Formic acid is used as a preservative in livestock feed, helping to inhibit the growth of bacteria and improve the nutritional value of the feed. It also acts as an acidifying agent in animal nutrition, promoting healthy digestion.
  4. Rubber and Plastics: In the rubber industry, formic acid is used as a coagulant in the production of latex. It aids in the separation of rubber particles from the latex emulsion. Formic acid is also employed in the production of plasticizers and as a catalyst in the synthesis of certain polymers.
  5. Cleaning Agents: Formic acid’s acidic properties make it useful as a cleaning agent. It is used in various cleaning products, such as descaling agents for removing mineral deposits, rust removers, and decalcifiers.
  6. Pharmaceuticals: Formic acid is utilized as an intermediate in the synthesis of pharmaceutical compounds. It serves as a building block for the production of various drugs, including antiviral and anticancer medications.
  7. Silage Preservation: Formic acid is used in silage production to inhibit the growth of harmful microorganisms and prevent spoilage. It helps preserve animal feed made from fermented crops.
  8. Oil and Gas Industry: Formic acid is employed in the oil and gas industry for acidizing processes, which involve injecting acid into reservoirs to enhance the productivity of oil and gas wells.
  9. Cleaning and Electroplating: Formic acid is used in metal cleaning and surface treatment processes, such as electroplating and etching. It helps remove rust, scale, and oxide layers from metal surfaces.

These are just a few examples of the What is formic acid used for? of formic acid. Its versatile nature and ability to act as a reducing agent, acidifier, and preservative make it valuable in numerous industries.

Where to Buy Formic Acid?

If you are looking to purchase Formic Acid, you can consider contacting Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. A reputable company, based in India, specializes in the manufacturing, supplying, and exporting of high-purity Formic Acid. As prominent Formic Acid manufacturers, we are known for our commitment to producing products with accurate composition and minimal impurities, meeting international industry standards. To buy Formic Acid from Vinipul Chemicals, a leading Formic Acid suppliers, you can visit our official website or contact the sales team directly. We will provide you with detailed information about product availability, pricing, and shipping options. Additionally, we also assist you with any specific requirements or customization needs related to Formic Acid.


Formic acid is a medium strong acid.


At Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. formic acid is available in different concentrations, with common options being 85% and 99% solutions.

Formic acid is corrosive and can cause skin and eye irritation. It is important to follow safety precautions, including wearing appropriate protective equipment, when handling it.

Formic acid is typically packaged in containers such as drums, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), or bulk tankers, depending on the quantity ordered. Shipping is usually done in compliance with applicable regulations.

Formic acid has a relatively long shelf life when stored properly, usually up to one year or more. It should be stored in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from incompatible substances.

Formic acid should be stored and transported separately from other incompatible chemicals, such as strong oxidizing agents or alkalis, to avoid the risk of reactions and potential hazards.

Look for suppliers who provide formic acid that complies with relevant quality standards, such as ISO 9001 certification or other industry-specific certifications.

You can reach out to Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd., a leading formic acid suppliers in India, directly through our website. We will guide you through the ordering process and provide necessary documentation.

Yes, formic acid can be exported internationally, subject to compliance with relevant regulations and requirements of both the exporting and importing countries.

Depending on your country and local regulations, there may be certain restrictions on the purchase, storage, and use of formic acid. It is important to be aware of and comply with these regulations.

Formic acid is generally not used directly in food or pharmaceutical applications due to its corrosive nature. However, formates derived from formic acid may be used as food preservatives or in pharmaceutical formulations.

Market Area

We supply and exports Formic Acid in all parts of the world such as

Formic Acid in Africa Countries
South Africa , Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Formic Acid in Gulf Countries
Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Bahrain, Iran, United Arab Emirates

Formic Acid in Asia Countries
Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen

We supply Formic Acid in all parts of India.
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal

Note: – Please be advised that the information contained in this document is intended for illustrative purposes only. Due to variations in product grade, applications, industries, or uses, the accuracy of the information provided cannot be guaranteed. © Copyright 2023 © Vinipul Chemicals All Rights Reserved (Terms of Use). Reproduction of any material from this site is strictly prohibited without permission. Vinipul Chemicals products are exclusively sold through the company’s website. For precise product specifications and requirements, as well as advice on which products are best suited for your specific application needs, please contact us at [email protected] Use Terms | Privacy.

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