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Ammonium Formate Manufacturer and Supplier

CAS No.: 540-69-2 | EC Number.: 208-753-9 | Molecular formula.: NH4HCO2, HCOONH4

Ammonium Formate

Ammonium Formate Manufacturers, Ammonium Formate Suppliers, Ammonium Formate Formula, Ammonium Formate MSDS, Ammonium Formate SDS, Ammonium Formate Exporter in Mumbai, India.

Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd, an esteemed manufacturer, supplier, and exporter based in India, is highly regarded for its production of high-purity Ammonium Formate CAS No. 540-69-2. As a prominent Ammonium Formate manufacturer, our specialty chemicals are known for their exceptional quality and accurate composition. We prioritize the use of superior purity chemicals and employ cutting-edge manufacturing equipment that adheres to rigorous international industry standards.

As a leading Ammonium Formate supplier, we take great pride in offering NH4HCO2 of the finest quality. Our commitment to maintaining an impurity-free product ensures that customers receive a reliable and dependable chemical solution. With our state-of-the-art manufacturing processes, we meticulously craft Ammonium Formate with the precise required composition, meeting the specific needs and preferences of our clients. Furthermore, our Ammonium Formate boasts an extended shelf life, allowing customers to store and utilize the product for an extended duration without compromising its quality or effectiveness.

As leading Ammonium Formate manufacturers in India, Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd sets itself apart as a trusted provider of high-purity chemicals. Our dedication to accuracy, impurity-free composition, and utilization of superior purity chemicals, along with the latest manufacturing equipment, guarantees that our customers receive Ammonium Formate of exceptional quality, with the desired composition and an extended shelf life.

What is an Ammonium Formate?

Ammonium formate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4HCO2. It consists of ammonium ions (NH4+) and formate ions (HCO2-). The compound is formed by the reaction between ammonia (NH3) and formic acid (HCOOH). Ammonium formate appears as a white crystalline solid at room temperature. It is widely used as a source of ammonia in organic synthesis reactions. Ammonium formate is commonly utilized as a reducing agent, catalyst, and pH regulator in different chemical processes. Additionally, it is employed in the production of dyes, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides.

The compound is also utilized in analytical chemistry as a buffer solution for pH calibration and as a mobile phase additive in liquid chromatography. Ammonium formate has relatively low toxicity compared to other ammonium salts and formic acid, making it a preferred choice in certain applications. It can release toxic fumes, including ammonia and formic acid vapours, when heated or in contact with strong acids. It is important to handle and store this compound with proper precautions and in accordance with safety guidelines.

Ammonium Formate Details

This table provides information about Ammonium Formate, a chemical compound with the CAS No. 540-69-2 and EC Number. 208-753-9. The table also lists various Ammonium Formate common name and synonyms. The table contains Ammonium Formate structure, Ammonium Formate solubility and molecular formula. Ammonium Formate pH value is also mentioned in the table. Ammonium Formate is commonly used in various industries in different applications. It is also used in the pharmaceutical industry for various purposes.


Chemical nameAmmonium Formate
CAS No540-69-2
EC Number208-753-9
Commercial name / SynonymsFormic acid, ammonium salt, Formic acid ammonium salt, azanium;formate, ammoniumformate, ammonium formiate, UNII-3801F9644E, Formic acid, ammonium salt (1:1)
Molecular formula



Chemical Structure
Melting Point241 °F (USCG, 1999)
IUPAC Nameazanium-formate
Parent CompoundFormic Acid
Component Compounds

Formic Acid


Physical Form White Monoclinic Crystals
Physical Appearance White solid
Solubility in water

(grams per 100g of water)102g(0 °C)
142.7 g (20 °C)
202.4 g (40 °C)
516 g (80 °C)

SolubilitySoluble in liquid ammonia, alcohol, diethyl ether
Packaging Details 25 kg / 50 kg / HDPE packaging bags / Drum/ As per Client’s requirements

Computed Properties

The table provides various properties of a chemical compound, including ammonium formate molecular weight, hydrogen bond donor and acceptor counts, an exact mass and mono-isotopic mass, heavy atom counts, and a topological polar surface area. These properties are useful in identifying and characterizing the compound for various purposes in industries such as pharmaceuticals and chemicals.
Property Name Property Value
Molecular Weight 63.056 g/mol
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count 1
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count 2
Exact Mass 63.032028402 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass 63.032028402 g/mol
Heavy Atom Count 4
Topological Polar Surface Area 41.1Ų
Complexity 7.5
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count 2
Compound Is Canonicalized Yes

Related Compounds with Annotation:

The table includes the structure image, structure name, compound CID, neighbour type, and annotation types count related to Ammonium Formate. The first entry is “AMMONIUM FORMATE” with compound CID 2723923, a 2D structure, and 8 annotation types. The subsequent entries have “NA” for the structure image and structure name, indicating missing information. They have different compound CIDs, neighbour types, and annotation types counts.

Ammonium Formate Price

If you are looking to purchase Calcium Acetate, it’s important to know the current market price. Calcium Acetate price can vary depending on the various factors. Vinipul Chemicals offers the best price in the market listed below: –

Product RangePrice
Calcium Acetate AnhydrousRs 120/kilogram
Calcium Acetate MonohydrateRs 120/kilogram

Prices shown above are provisional prices and may change due to different market conditions for latest prices

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Types of Ammonium Formate

Ammonium Formate Crystal

It refers to the solid form of ammonium formate that exists as well-defined crystals. Ammonium Formate Crystal is typically obtained through the crystallization process after the separation and purification steps in the manufacturing process. The crystals have a characteristic

Ammonium Formate Pure

It refers to a high-purity form of ammonium formate, typically with minimal impurities. The purification process during manufacturing aims to remove any residual contaminants or by-products, resulting in a product with a high degree

Ammonium Formate Manufacturing Process

The manufacturing process of ammonium formate involves the reaction between ammonia and formic acid. Here is a general overview of the process:

  1. Feedstock Preparation: The two main raw materials required for the production of ammonium formate are ammonia (NH3) and formic acid (HCOOH). These materials are typically obtained from various sources, such as natural gas or the oxidation of methanol for ammonia and the oxidation of formaldehyde for formic acid.
  2. Reaction: The reaction between ammonia and formic acid takes place in a reactor vessel. The two chemicals are carefully measured and then mixed together in the presence of a catalyst. The catalyst is usually a mineral acid like sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid, which helps to facilitate the reaction.

The chemical equation for the reaction is: NH3 + HCOOH → HCOONH4

  1. Reaction Conditions: The reaction typically takes place at a controlled temperature and pressure. The temperature can range from around 50 to 100 degrees Celsius, while the pressure is maintained at atmospheric or slightly elevated levels.
  2. Conversion and Yield: The reaction proceeds until the conversion of the reactants into ammonium formate is complete. The yield of ammonium formate will depend on various factors such as reaction conditions, catalyst efficiency, and the purity of the starting materials.
  3. Separation and Purification: After the reaction, the mixture contains the desired product, ammonium formate, along with any unreacted ammonia or formic acid, as well as other impurities. The mixture is subjected to a separation process, which may involve techniques such as distillation, crystallization, or filtration to separate and purify the ammonium formate.

Drying and Packaging: The purified ammonium formate is then dried to remove any remaining moisture. The dried product is typically in the form of a white crystalline powder. It is then packaged into suitable containers, such as bags or drums, for storage and transportation.

Is ammonium formate basic or acidic?

Ammonium formate is considered acidic. It is an acid salt that, when dissolved in water, forms a solution with a pH below 7. The solution contains hydrogen ions and exhibits acidic properties. It can react with bases to neutralize them.

Is ammonium a weak acid or weak base?

Ammonia (NH3) is a weak base. Ammonium (NH4+) is actually a conjugate acid of ammonia (NH3), which is a weak base. In water, ammonia can accept a proton (H+) from water molecules, forming ammonium ions (NH4+). This reaction is reversible, with a small fraction of ammonia molecules accepting protons and forming ammonium ions, while the majority of ammonia remains in its molecular form. Therefore, ammonia is considered a weak base, while ammonium is its conjugate acid.

Industrial Applications

Ammonium formate finds applications in various industrial sectors due to its versatile properties and chemical reactivity. Here are some common industrial ammonium formate uses:



Chemical Synthesis

It is used as a precursor or reagent in various chemical synthesis processes. Ammonium formate can be utilized for the production of formic acid, which is further employed in the manufacturing of dyes, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and leather industries. Additionally, ammonium formate can act as a reducing agent in organic synthesis, facilitating the conversion of various functional groups.


Ammonium formate serves as a catalyst or co-catalyst in numerous industrial reactions. It can enhance the efficiency and selectivity of various reactions, including hydrogenation, hydrolysis, and carbonylation. The presence of ammonium formate can promote desired chemical transformations, leading to improved yields and reduced reaction times.


In the electroplating industry, It is used as a source of formate ions, which assist in the deposition of metals such as copper, gold, and silver. Ammonium formate provides a stable and efficient electrolyte system, contributing to the uniform and controlled deposition of metals onto substrates during electroplating processes.

Gas Purification

Ammonium formate can be utilized in gas purification systems, specifically for removing sulfur compounds like hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). It reacts with these sulfur compounds, converting them into non-toxic and easily separable solid by-products, thus helping to reduce air pollution and ensure compliance with emission regulations.

pH Buffering

It is commonly employed as a pH buffering agent in various industrial processes. Ammonium formate helps to maintain a stable pH range in solutions, particularly in chemical reactions or analytical procedures where pH control is crucial. Its buffering capacity allows for precise control and adjustment of acidity or alkalinity levels.

Analytical Chemistry

Ammonium formate is frequently utilized as a mobile phase additive in liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques. It aids in improving separation, resolution, and ionization efficiency of analytes, thereby enhancing the accuracy and sensitivity of analytical measurements.

These are just a few examples of the industrial applications of ammonium formate. Its versatility and compatibility with various chemical processes make it a valuable compound in numerous industries, ranging from pharmaceuticals and textiles to electroplating and gas purification.

Where to Buy Ammonium Formate Powder?

If you are looking to purchase Ammonium Formate, you can consider contacting Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. We are a well-known manufacturer, supplier, and exporter based in India, specializing in the production of high-purity Ammonium Formate. As leading Ammonium Formate manufacturers, Vinipul Chemicals is recognized for accurate composition, impurity-free chemicals, and adherence to international industry standards. As prominent Ammonium Formate suppliers, we offer chemicals with fine quality, precise composition, and a long shelf life. You can reach out to Vinipul Chemicals to inquire about purchasing Ammonium Formate and to discuss your specific requirements.


Ammonium formate is available in various purity levels, typically ranging from 98% to 99.9% or higher. The desired purity level depends on the specific application requirements.


Ammonium formate is commonly available in packaging options such as HDPE bags, drums, or containers.

Ammonium formate should be stored in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from incompatible substances such as strong oxidizers. It is important to follow the supplier’s instructions regarding storage conditions.

Ammonium formate should be handled with care, following appropriate safety precautions. It is advisable to wear protective equipment such as gloves, goggles, and a lab coat. Safety data sheets (SDS) provided by the supplier should be consulted for detailed safety information.

International shipping of ammonium formate is subject to transportation regulations and restrictions. It is essential to comply with the applicable regulations and ensure proper packaging and labelling.

Ammonium formate is considered to have low environmental toxicity. However, it should be handled and disposed of in accordance with local regulations and best practices to prevent any negative impact on the environment.

Ammonium formate may react with incompatible substances, including strong oxidizing agents or strong acids. It is important to avoid contact with such substances and follow proper handling and storage practices.

Ammonium formate is generally not intended for food or pharmaceutical applications. It is primarily used in industrial processes and laboratory settings.

Ammonium formate can decompose at elevated temperatures, releasing formic acid and ammonia gases. Therefore, it may not be suitable for high-temperature applications

Depending on the specific application, alternatives to ammonium formate may exist. It is advisable to consult with experts or suppliers to explore suitable alternatives based on the desired properties and requirements.

To ensure the quality of ammonium formate, it is important to source it from reputable suppliers who follow strict quality control measures and provide proper documentation, such as certificates of analysis (COA) and compliance with relevant industry standards.

Ammonium formate can be purchased from chemical suppliers, distributors, or online platforms such as Vinipul Chemicals Pvt. Ltd, an esteemed manufacturer, supplier, and exporter based in India specializing in chemical products.

Market Area

We supply and exports Ammonium Formate in all parts of the world such as

Ammonium Formate in Africa Countries
South Africa , Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Ammonium Formate in Gulf Countries
Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Bahrain, Iran, United Arab Emirates

Ammonium Formate in Asia Countries
Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen

We supply Ammonium Formate in all parts of India.
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

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